Human cloning is not playing god argumentative essay

Human cloning is not playing god

I want an argumentative essay about human cloning is not playing god. In some religious beliefs, god created humans out of mud,clay,or probably soil. While in human cloning, scientist doesn’t use soil, instead, they use DNA, from humans, to create other human being.

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In 1952, the first successful animal cloning took place when Robert Briggs and Thomas J.King cloned a tadpole. After almost four decades, the first cloned mammal, a sheep named Dolly, was born in 1996. Following the creation of Dolly, scientists started to think about developing human clones. However, scepticism and hesitation began to grow among scientists when Dolly died at the age of six in 2003. This event, combined with the religious community’s disapproval of human cloning, resulted in the enactment of the Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 2009. According to this law, human cloning is unethical, immoral, and unlawful; hence, it is illegal. Today, human cloning is banned in 23 countries. Nevertheless, pro-cloning scientists and researchers are seeking to legalise human cloning in order to progress research and achieve more in this field (Naik, 2010).

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The simplest explanation of human cloning is that it is the production of a replicate (clone) of a human being asexually and without any fertilisation of sperms and eggs (Bose, 2009).

The technique used in cloning is called ‘somatic (non-sex) cell nuclear transfer’ (SCNT). Through SCNT, the nucleus of an egg is removed and replaced by the nucleus of the donor (who wants to be cloned), which is already isolated from the donor cell. An electrical shock (or, sometimes, the application of chemicals) results in the fusion of the donor nucleus and the host egg, which, in turn, starts the cell division process. When the cell division reaches a certain limit (blastocyst developed), it is embedded in the surrogate mother’s uterus by in vitro fertilisation. This method of cloning, which was also used to create Dolly, is known as ‘reproductive cloning’ (Bose, 2009).

It is important to bear in mind that ‘artificial insemination’, ‘in vitro fertilisation (IVF),’ and ‘cryopreservation’ are all known as standard reproductive cloning techniques. However, the aforementioned technologies involve sexual reproduction of the embryo, i.e. fertilisation of sperms and eggs. In cloning, SCNT technology is used in the first phase in order to asexually produce a zygote (with fusion, not fertilisation) and next through the in vitro fertilisation technique; the resultant blastocyst (early embryo) is implanted in the mother’s womb only if the aim is to produce a human being (reproductiove cloning), otherwise the blastocyst is used to extract stem cells from it (therapeutic cloning) which these cells, in turn, grow into various types of cells, such as pancreatic or nerve cells as demonstrated in Figure 2. (Wilmut et al., 2001)

Another type of cloning is called ‘therapeutic cloning.’ As explained above, in this case, after the fusion of patient’s (donor’s) nucleus with the host’s egg and development of blastocyst, the inner cell layer of the blastocyst, which is full of undifferentiated stem cells, is used for stem cell research.

Organizational Behavior: Workplace Report

workplace related topics
effective teams in the work-place
decision making in the organisation
within your analysis you should
discuss how you would expect the organisation to be managed based on the relevant theory or textbook suggestions. you should then anayse how it is actually managed and note the difference from your theoritical expectations. in doing so you should seek answers to questions such as
how does the organisation confirm to the theory on the two areas identified above
are there diffreence between theory and practice
if es, to the preceeding questions, what are the reasons for these differences?

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birthing methods

birthing methods

Evaluate the most recent birthing methods in detail. I have included a summary and the works cited. It doesn’t have to be used I thought it might help a bit.

Alternative approaches of childbirth have become more and more popular during last decades. Vaginal delivery is a traditional type of birth, which is supposed to be the most common and safest. In cases, when vaginal delivery is not possible, Caesarean-section is used. There are increasing number of moms, who prefer to cope with childbirth through waterbirth, acupuncture, acupressure, and hypnosis.   In the past, when medicine was not developed, there were no any alternative approaches of childbirth. That is why vaginal delivery was the only type of childbirth.

Later, when science and technology emerged in people’s life, medicine has become more developed. Therefore, new methods of childbirth have surged in popularity (Ellerkmann et. al, 2005). Although a traditional birthing method remains the main one in the USA and other countries all over the world, more and more women are choosing new alternative options of baby delivery.

Water birthing, for example, which was first used in 1991 in the USA, has become rather popular and common in nearly 250 American hospitals. Moreover, the research asserts that 70% of the U.S. birth centers consider this method as a good alternativeto traditional vaginal delivery (Nihira, 2012). Nowadays, the successful results of the waterbirth method have gained popularity all over the world. Many moms are sure that waterbirth delivery is less painful.   According to the research, more and more pregnant consumers are exploring some other options of birth delivery in order to avoid pain. It is worth noting that they have a choice. In their search of drug-free birthing methods, women have a chance to deliver babies using birthing through hypnosis. This birth method provides moms with instructions on how to prepare their mind and spirit for the birthing of their babies. Some pregnant consumers are taking a chance to deliver their babies through yoga and acupuncture methods.

Thus, many women have a chance to decide what birthing methods can be most affordable for them regarding to their personality and situation.   Nihira, MA. (2012). “Methods of childbirth”. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology American Pregnancy Association. Retrieved from:www.webmd.com/baby/guide/delivery-methods?wwparam  Ellerkmann RM, Cundiff GW, Melick CF, Nihira MA . (2005).“Contribution of primary pelvic organ prolapse to micturition and defecation symptoms”. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Retrieved from:www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3182371

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Annotated Bibliography

Assignment 2 – Annotated Bibliography
In class, You will have identified your leader (from the Middle East, Business, Alive). You will have identified a trait of interest. You will need to do some research on the topic of your leader. You will need to do research on the trait. This will necessitate doing some library research, using the online library or the physical library The assignment is an annotated bibliography:
WHAT IS AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY?
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited (Engel et al, 2008).
During this assignment, you are required to:
Identify, read and write a brief critical summary of at least one journal article or section of a book or library source that is related to your chosen leader.
Identify, read and write a brief critical summary of at least one journal article or section of a book that is related to a trait/behavior/characteristic of leadership/leadership development that you wish to research more in relationship to your leader.
Identify one relevant web based resource, from credible source, related to your leader or to the same trait/behavior/characteristic of leadership development that interests you. Write a brief critical summary
Identify one current (2009/2010/2011) news article/magazine related to your leader or to the same trait/behavior/characteristic of leadership development that interests you. Write a brief critical summary
The articles and books and other sources you present in this assignment will be the sources you plan to use in further work on your chosen leader. Explain each sources’ relevance to your chosen leader. The summaries described above form your annotated bibliography (a summary of the main points within each reference).
Each critical summary will be approx 200 words.
When you submit the annotated bibliography please include all of the information related to your sources. Also be sure to give complete bibliographical information on each source ie a reference list. When it is a web based source include the web address and/or link. Follow APA referencing guidelines
In case you have forgotten how to do an annotated bibliography, I am including a web site that you can refer to for additional information.
(Adapted from Author n.k (2009). Course materials CDL, ESC, SUNY.)
Reference: Engel, M. Blumenthal, A., and Cosgrave, T. (2008). How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography. Accessed Aug 26, 2009 at www.library.cornell.edu/olinuris/ref/research/skill28.htm

The leader is “Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum” Chairman of The Emirates Group
trait is Magnanimity and dedication

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Cost Behaviors and Allocation in Healthcare Organizations

1. Thoroughly analyzed the complexity of cost behaviors in health care organizations
2. Thoroughly described how costs are classified according to their relationship with volume.
3. Thoroughly discussed the importance of cost allocation
A. and how it may be leveraged by health care organizations.

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Format:
1. Introduction
2. Use headers for each of the criteria, followed by your response.
3. Three (3) typed pages. Double Spaced, Time New Roman Font (12), One (1) inch Margin on all sides.
4. Each paragraph need to have nine (6) lines or more.
5. Two-three ( 2-3) or more Quality References (Scholarly, Journals, Articles).
Note: Wikipedia and other websites do not quality as academic resources.
6. Discuss each statement thoroughly.
7. Cover and Reference page please.

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Review of an Evaluation Book

Write a Review of an Evaluation Book

You will write a review of an evaluation book.

(1) Summarize major arguments of the literature being reviewed, and then reflect upon:

(2) how its content relates to your experience,( my experience is teaching science in high school) and

(3) does the content make sense (and why)?

Please write a  two-page report.

The book is :  outcome based evaluation, Robert L. Schaloch.   http://www.amazon.com/Outcome-Based-Evaluation-Second-Edition

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Political Justice Custom Essay

Political Justice:

By the term political justice it is implied that the citizens equally share the use of political power in the State so that they may be able to associate themselves with the administration and also fully enjoy all types of political freedom. Article 326 of the Indian Constitution entitles every Indian citizen above the age of 18 years to exercise his right to vote to elect his representatives without any sort of discrimination or limitations. In addition to this, the following provisions have been made for the attainment of political justice through the operation of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy.

They are:

(a)Right to Hold Public Office:

Political justice can be established if all the people are given equal rights to occupy public offices. Article 16 of the Constitution provides that there should be equality of opportunities for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State. No citizen shall be discriminated against on ground of religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth Click Here For More Details

decision making

Review a coroners report and provide a discussion with regards to the criteria detailed. the discussion must be supported by contemporary literature and include the following criteria.
a brief summary of the coroners findings.
discussion of medical and nursing practice in regards to documentation and communication,
ethical
decision making
advocacy
cultural competence

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the problem of decision-making is the most difficult. Even in ordinary life, ‘to do or not to do’ is one of the most important riddles that an individual faces before leaping to action. He runs about for advice and guidance, for consultations and suggestions and ultimately when he comes to take a decision, he gets too late and changes his mind.

This is what usually happens with most of us and in most of the cases. But can an organization take decisions the way we take? Can they keep things pending for long? In business, decisions have got to be quick and on time otherwise the enterprise shall soon be out of its gears.

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In Public administration, however, decision-making is not as easy as in business, though here too, we can’t keep things pending indefinitely. In business we need quick and speedy decisions; in Public administration we need right decisions.

Effective management whether of private or public organization means, in the ultimate analysis, making right and responsible decisions. A good leader is the one who can decide, who can solve the problem ‘to do or not to do,’ and who can willingly undertake the responsibility for making decisions.

It is usually seen that even Ministers, when faced with public repercus­sion, pass the buck to the Cabinet to avoid personal responsibility for their decisions. In fact, responsibility is a burden which most of us do not carry well, which most of us are not willing to accept. But leadership means that decisions must be made and responsibility accepted. Man­agement is impossible without the capacity and the willingness to decide.

Movie Review

Critical Review of a Movie or Film

Instructions: Choose one of the following film or movie:

-Sicko(2007)

-Milk(2008) Story of a gay activist, Harvey Milk

-What’s Eating Gilbert Grapes(1993)

-Juno(2007)

Identify and describe a variety of social welfare issues, problems, and needs in developing the policy proposal for social work intervention, and to use the strengths prospective as they develop an understanding of the functioning of political ties of all sizes as they address the social situations of individuals,families, groups, and organizations that may lead to social dysfunctions.

-include headings and a cover sheet

-Discuss the main characters’ involvement in the social forces, economic forces, and political forces in the film.

-Discuss how your personal values in the film led to and influence the social welfare process.

-Describe the social work service agencies in the film; was there a relationship of dependence or interdependence? Explain.

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Zappos Article custom essay

Read the article on Zappos.com and respond to the following short essay questions.   ARTICLE: Zappos.com: The Multiple Challenges of Growing an Unusual Company  “Imagine a retailer with service so good its customers wish it would take over the Internal Revenue Service or start up an airline. It might sound like a marketing fantasy, but this scenario is reality for Zappos.com.” Headquartered in Henderson, Nevada, just a twenty-minute drive from the Las Vegas Strip, Zappos (a word play on zapatos, the Spanish word for shoes) is an “e-commerce ‘service provider’ of shoes, apparel, handbags, accessories and more, representing about a thousand brands.” Zappos also has a distribution center in Louisville, Kentucky where it maintains an inventory of approximately 4 million items and from which it provides rapid shipment to its customers.    In 1999, Tony Hsieh (pronounced shay), the CEO of Zappos, invested $500,000 in a start-up online shoe store known as Shoesite.com that was founded in San Francisco by Nicholas Swinmurn, who was having trouble finding shoes that would fit him in his local mall. In 2000, Hsieh became co-chief executive with Swinmurn. When Swinmurn left the company in 2006, Hsieh became the sole chief executive.    Zappos wasn’t Tony Hsieh’s first entrepreneurial venture. Prior to Zappos, he cofounded LinkExchange, an online advertising cooperative, which Microsoft bought in 1998 for $265 million. Then he cofounded a venture capital investment firm called Venture Frogs.  In its early days, Zappos could not afford to spend money on marketing; consequently, the company’s “sales strategy involved making customers so happy that they bought again or told their friends or both. The defining aspect of the Zappos customer experience free shipping and free returns was concocted out of necessity. Hsieh figured that there was no other way to get people to try the [online] site.”    In 2004, Zappos, relocated from San Francisco to Las Vegas because “attracting and keeping high-quality customer service representatives was too difficult and expensive in the Bay Area.” Las Vegas, with lower real estate prices and an abundant labor pool, seemed to be an ideal location.  Zappos doesn’t do anything quite the way other companies do. For instance, the three company’s headquarters, which is located in a nondescript office park, are quite modest on the outside. But inside is a different story! “There are the outlandish decorations adorning walls and cubicles, including jungle creepers that hang from the ceiling and a menagerie of toy monkeys and other creatures. There are the boisterous employees, some of whom rattle cowbells, shake pompoms and bellow greetings as visitors pass their desks. But this is no exercise in nostalgia. Instead, Zappos is the site of an ambitious business experiment [with] a corporate culture that allows Zappos to prosper by providing world-beating customer service, no matter what business it is involved in.” Emulating Amazon.com, Zappos has expanded beyond selling shoes, venturing into clothes, bedding, toys, cookware, electronics, and more.    Zappos gets rave reviews for “its fast, free shipping 90% of orders arrive the next business day and a 365-day return policy that allows footwear fans to order a bunch of shoes, try them on and return those that don’t suit or fit. Three-quarters of sales are from repeat customers.” Hsieh views “customers as human beings, not just ‘consumers,’ and so makes customer service the defining feature of the brand.”    To gain another perspective on how Zappos differs from other companies, consider the unusual experience of one shopper, a clear reflection of how Zappos employees deal with customer challenges: “A shopper visited the site to order a pair of shoes as a gift for her husband. Tragically, he was in a fatal car accident later that evening. [Subsequently,] [t]he Zappos call-center representative working on the order return was so touched by the story that she sent the customer a sympathy bouquet of flowers.” Hsieh says the Zappos “philosophy is to do what’s right for the customer even if it doesn’t relate to a sale or if it costs a little bit more. We just want to go above and beyond for our customer.”    Hsieh believes that the success of Zappos is a direct reflection of the culture he has built and nourished. “A fun-loving, change-embracing culture drives the Zappos engine. Carefully nurtured by Hsieh, it provides a new workplace template for the future.” Hsieh’s advice to other businesspeople: “Chase the vision. The money and profits will come.”   In 2000, Zappos had sales of $1.6 million; in 2008, the company’s sales surpassed $1 billion. After several years of breaking even, Zappos turned a profit in both 2007 and 2008. Tony Hsieh explains Zappos’ growth this way: “We’re aligned around one mission to provide the best customer service possible. Rather than focus on maximizing short-term profits, we focus on how we can maximize the service to our customers. We are a service company that happens to sell shoes.” Hsieh sees the emphasis on customer service “as creating a platform for future growth.”  As Advertising Age writer Natalie Zmuda observes, “It seems that Zappos is really the poster child for this new age of consumer companies that truly are customer focused. A lot of companies like to say they are, but none of them is as serious as Zappos.”   This case was written by Michael K. McCuddy, The Louis S. and Mary L. Morgal Chair of Christian Business Ethics and Professor of Management, College of Business Administration, Valparaiso University.

RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING ESSAY QUESTIONS:

1. What lessons about leading people and managing organizations does Zappos and its CEO, Tony Hsieh, provide? Explain your conclusions.

2. Each of the management challenges—globalization; leading a diverse workforce; and ethics, character, and personal integrity—have had an important impact on the evolution of Zappos. How has Zappos CEO Tony Hsieh addressed the management challenges of globalization; leading a diverse workforce; and ethics, character, and personal integrity? Describe the impact and give examples for each of the following challenges.  •globalization  •leading a diverse workforce  •ethics, character, and personal integrity

3. Natalie Zmuda, a reporter for Advertising Age, concludes: “It seems that Zappos is really the poster child for this new age of consumer companies that truly are customer focused. A lot of companies like to say they are, but none of them is as serious as Zappos.” Do you agree or disagree with Zmuda’s assertion that Zappos is much different than other consumer companies? Explain the reasoning behind your answer.

4. What particular aspects of Zappos would other organizations do well to emulate? Explain your answer.

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